Cash Flow Statement
The last financial statement, the Cash Flow Statement is prepared to report all the changes in cash that occurred over a period of time usually a month or year.
The major sections of the statement are the heading, a section for reporting the increases in cash (resources provided by), a section for reporting the decreases in cash (resources applied to), and a summary of the change in cash (increase/decrease) for the period.
If the business was in operation in the previous year, the prior year balance sheet along with the current year balance sheet and current year income statement is needed in order to prepare the statement. Additional analysis of some of the accounts may also be needed.
Our example assumes that ABC Mowing’s prior year balance sheet is as follows:
|As Of December 31,xxxx Prior Year
|Total Liabilities & Equity
Using the above prior year balance sheet along with the current year balance sheet and income statement we prepared the following Statement Of Changes in Cash:
Summary of how to prepare the statement:
The first step is determining the cash provided or used by operations and begins with the operating income for the period.
Adjustments are made to the income for revenue or expenses items that did not provide or use cash.
Additional adjustments are made for all current and noncurrent accounts and are recorded as addition or subtractions depending upon their effect on cash based on their beginning of the year and end of the year balances.
This provides the information for the cash from operations. Additionally you need to analyze the balance sheet to find other cash transactions such as equipment purchases, investments, and loans.
Cash Flow Statement
For the Period Ending December 31,xxxx
|Income from Operations
|Increase in Accounts Payable
|Increase in Supplies Inventory
|Increase in Accounts Receivable
|Cash Flow From Operations
|Purchase Of Equipment
|Cash Flow From From Investing
|Financing From Bank Loan
|Less:Payment Owner's Draws
|Cash Flow From Financing
|Decrease In Cash
|Change in Cash Balances
Cash Balances December 31,xxxx (Prior Year)
|Less:Decrease in Cash Balances
Cash Balances December 31,xxxx (Current Year)
The simplified Cash Flow statement presented was prepared using the indirect method which adjusts net income to arrive at Cash Flow From Operations.
Lets' revisit this Statement of Cash Flows in the next lesson which also discusses another method for preparing this statement.